Early European Marxism: Orthodoxy and Revisionism
 ■ Abraham, R. Rosa Luxemburg. A Life for the International. Oxford: Berg, 1989.
 ■ Basso, L. Rosa Luxemburg. A Reappraisal. London: Deutsch, 1975.
 ■ Bebel, August. Woman Under Socialism. New York: Labor News, 1904.
 ■ Bernstein, E. Evolutionary Socialism. Trans. by E.C. Harvey. New York: Schocken, 1961.
 ■ ———. Documente des Socialismus: Hefte für Geschichte, Urkunden und Bibliographie des Socialismus. Frankfurt: Saur und Auvermann, 1968. 5 vols.
 ■ ———. The Preconditions of Socialism. Ed. and trans. Henry Tudor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
 ■ ———. Selected Writings of Eduard Bernstein, 19001921. Ed. and trans. Manfred Steger. Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press, 1996.
 ■ Donald, Moira. Marxism and Revolution: Karl Kautsky and the Russian Marxists. 1900–1924. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1993.
 ■ Footman, David. The Primrose Path: A Life of Ferdinand Lassalle. London: Cresset, 1946.
 ■ Frölich, Paul. Rosa Luxemburg: Her Life and Works. London: Pluto, 1970.
 ■ Gay, Peter. The Dilemma of Democratic Socialism: Eduard Bernstein’s Challenge. New York: Collier, 1962.
 ■ Geary, R. Karl Kautsky. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1987.
 ■ Geras, N. The Legacy of Rosa Luxemburg. London: New Left, 1976.
 ■ Girault, Jacques. Paul Lafague: textes choisis. Paris: Éditions sociales, 1970.
 ■ Goode, Patrick, ed. and trans. Karl Kautsky: Selected Political Writings. London: Macmillan Press, 1983.
 ■ Howard, Dick, ed. Selected Political Writings of Rosa Luxemburg. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1971.
 ■ Jackson, J. Hampden. Jean Jaurès, His Life and Work. London: Allen and Unwin, 1943.
 ■ Jacob, Mathilde. Rosa Luxemburg: An Intimate Portrait. Trans. Hans Fernbach. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 2000.
 ■ Jaurès, Jean. Studies in Socialism. Trans. M. Minturn. London: Independent Labour Party, 1906.
 ■ Jennings, Jeremy. Georges Sorel: The Character and Development of His Thought. London: Macmillan, 1985.
 ■ Kautsky, J.H. Karl Kautsky: Marxism, Revolution and Democracy. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 1994.
 ■ Kautsky, Karl. The Social Revolution. Chicago: Kerr, 1916.
 ■ ———. Terrorism and Communism. London: National Labour Press, 1920.
 ■ ———. The Labour Revolution. New York: Dial Press, 1925.
 ■ ———. Dictatorship of the Proletariat. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1964.
 ■ ———. The Road to Power: Political Reflections on Growing into the Revolution. Ed. John H. Kautsky. Trans. Raymond Mayer. Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press, 1996.
 ■ Labedz, L., ed. Revisionism. London: Allen and Unwin, 1962.
 ■ Lafargue, Paul. The Right to be Lazy. Chicago: Charles H. Kerr, 1883.
 ■ ———. The Evolution of Property from Savagery to Civilization. Chicago: Charles H. Kerr, 1895.
 ■ Looker, R., ed. Rosa Luxemburg: Selected Political Writings. London: Cape, 1972.
 ■ Luxemburg, R. The Junius Pamphlet. London: Merlin Press, n.d.
 ■ ———. The Mass Strike, The Political Party and The Trade Unions. Detroit, Mich.: Marxian Educational Society, 1925.
 ■ ———. The Russian Revolution and Leninism or Marxism? Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1961.
 ■ ———. Selected Political Writings. Ed. by Robert Locker. London: Cape, 1972.
 ■ ———. Reform or Revolution. New York: Pathfinder Press, 1973.
 ■ Nettl, J.P. Rosa Luxemburg. 2 vols. London: Oxford University Press, 1966.
 ■ Pannekeok, Antonie. Workers’ Councils. Somerville, Mass.: Kont and Branch, 1970.
 ■ ———. Lenin as Philosopher. London: Merlin, 1975.
 ■ Pease, Margaret. Jean Jaurès, Socialist and Humanitarian. London: Headley, 1916.
 ■ Pelz, William A., ed. Wilhelm Liebknecht and German Social Democracy: A Documentary History. Trans. Erich Hahn. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1994.
 ■ Renton, Dave. Classical Marxism: Socialist Theory and the Second International. Cheltenham, England: New Clarion Press, 2002.
 ■ Rogers, Homer K. Before the Revisionist Controversy: Kautsky, Bernstein, and the Meaning of Marxism. New York: Garland Press, 1992.
 ■ Salvadori, M. Karl Kautsky and the Socialist Revolution. London: New Left, 1979.
 ■ Steenson, Gary P. Karl Kautsky, 18541938: Marxism in the Classic Years. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh University Press, 1978.
 ■ Steger, M.B. The Quest for Evolutionary Socialism: Eduard Bernstein and Social Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
 ■ Tudor, H., and Tudor, J.M., eds. and trans. Marxism and Social Democracy: The Revisionist Debate, 1896–1898. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
 Western Marxism
 ■ Adorno, Theodor. Negative Dialectics. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1970.
 ■ Adorno, Theodor, and Max Horkheimer. Dialectic of Enlightenment. London: Allen Lane, 1978.
 ■ Adorno, Theodor, et al. The Authoritarian Personality. New York: Harper and Row, 1974.
 ■ Agger, Ben. Western Marxism: An Introduction. Santa Monica, Calif.: Goodyear, 1979.
 ■ Althusser, Louis. Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays. London: New Left, 1971.
 ■ ———. For Marx. Trans. by B. Brewster. London: New Left, 1977.
 ■ Althusser, Louis, and Etienne Balibar. Reading “Capital.” Trans. by B. Brewster. London: New Left, 1970.
 ■ Anderson, Perry. Considerations on Western Marxism. London: New Left, 1976.
 ■ Balibar, Etienne. On the Dictatorship of the Proletariat. London: New Left, 1977.
 ■ Benton, Ted. The Rise and Fall of Structuralist Marxism. London: Hutchinson, 1984.
 ■ Boggs, Carl. Gramsci’s Marxism. London: Pluto Press, 1976.
 ■ Breines, Paul, ed. Critical Interruptions: New Left Perspectives on Herbert Marcuse. New York: Herder and Herder, 1970.
 ■ Buci-Glucksmann, C. Gramsci and the State. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1979.
 ■ Callinicos, Alex. Althusser’s Marxism. London: Pluto Press, 1976.
 ■ Davidson, A. Antonio Gramsci: Towards an Intellectual Biography. London: Merlin, 1977.
 ■ Femia, Joseph V. Gramsci’s Political Thought: Hegemony, Consciousness and the Revolutionary Process. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981.
 ■ Fiori, Giuseppe. Antonio Gramsci: Life of a Revolutionary. London: New Left, 1970.
 ■ Fry, J. Marcuse: Dilemma on Liberation: A Critical Analysis. New Jersey: Humanities Press, 1978.
 ■ Geoghegan, Vincent. Reason and Eros: The Social Theory of Herbert Marcuse. London: Pluto, 1981.
 ■ ———. Ernst Bloch. London: Routledge, 1996.
 ■ Goode, Patrick. Karl Korsch. London: Macmillan, 1979.
 ■ Gramsci, Antonio. The Modern Prince and Other Writings. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1957.
 ■ ———. Selections from the Prison Notebooks. Ed. by Quinton Hoare and Geoffrey Nowell Smith. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1971.
 ■ ———. Selections from Political Writings 1910–1920. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1977.
 ■ ———. Selections from Political Writings 1921–1926. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1978.
 ■ ———. Pre-Prison Writings. Ed. Richard Bellamy. Trans. Virginia Cox. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
 ■ Habermas, Jurgen. Toward a Rational Society. London: Heinemann, 1970.
 ■ ———. Theory and Practice. London: Heinemann, 1974.
 ■ ———. Legitimation Crisis. London: Heinemann, 1976.
 ■ Held, David. Introduction to Critical Theory: Horkheimer to Habermas. London: Hutchinson, 1980.
 ■ Heller, Agnes, ed. Lukács Revalued. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1983.
 ■ Hoffman, J. The Gramscian Challenge. Oxford: Blackwell, 1984.
 ■ Holub, R. Antonio Gramsci: Beyond Marxism and Postmodernism. London: Routledge, 1992.
 ■ Horkheimer, Max. Critical Theory. New York: Herder and Herder, 1972.
 ■ Horkheimer, Max, and Theodor W. Adorno. Dialectic of Enlightenment. Trans. John Cumming. London: Allen Lane, 1973.
 ■ Hudson, Wayne. The Marxist Philosophy of Ernst Bloch. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1982.
 ■ Jacoby, Russell. Dialectic of Defeat: Contours of Western Marxism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981.
 ■ Jay, Martin. The Dialectical Imagination: A History of the Frankfurt School and the Institute of Social Research 1923–1950. Boston, Mass.: Little Brown, 1973.
 ■ Jessop, Bob. Nicos Poulantzas: Marxist Theory and Political Strategy. London: Macmillan, 1985.
 ■ Joll, James. Gramsci. London: Fontana, 1977.
 ■ Katz, B. Herbert Marcuse and the Art of Liberation. London: NLB, 1982.
 ■ Kellner, D., ed. Karl Korsch: Revolutionary Theory. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1977.
 ■ Korsch, Karl. Marxism and Philosophy. Trans. by F. Halliday. London: New Left, 1970.
 ■ Lewis, William S. Louis Althusser and the Traditions of French Marxism. Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books, 2005.
 ■ Lichtheim, George. Lukács. London: Fontana, 1970.
 ■ Lowy, M. Georg Lukács: From Romanticism to Bolshevism. London: NLB, 1979.
 ■ Lukács, Georgii. History and Class Consciousness.Trans. by R. Livingstone. London: Merlin Press, 1971.
 ■ ———. Political Writings 1919–1929. London: New Left, 1972.
 ■ ———. The Young Hegel: Studies in the Relations between Dialectics and Economics. Trans. by Rodney Livingstone. London: Merlin Press, 1975.
 ■ MacIntyre, A. Marcuse. New York: Collins, 1970.
 ■ Marcuse, Herbert. Eros and Civilization. Boston, Mass.: Beacon, 1955.
 ■ ———. One-Dimensional Man. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1964.
 ■ ———. Negations: Essays in Critical Theory. Boston, Mass.: Beacon, 1968.
 ■ Martin, James. Gramsci’s Political Analysis: A Critical Introduction. Basingstoke, England: Macmillan, 1998.
 ■ Mattick, P. Critique of Marcuse: One Dimensional Man in Class Society. London: Merlin Press, 1972.
 ■ McCarthy, T. The Critical Theory of Jurgen Habermas. London: Hutchinson, 1978.
 ■ Merleau-Ponty, Maurice. Humanism and Terror. Trans. John O’Neill. Boston: Beacon, 1969.
 ■ ———. Adventures of the Dialectic. London: Heinemann, 1973.
 ■ Mészáros, István, ed. Aspects of History and Class Consciousness. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971.
 ■ Mouffe, Chantal, ed. Gramsci and Marxist Theory. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1979.
 ■ Parkinson, G. Georg Lukacs. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1977.
 ■ ———, ed. Georg Lukacs: The Man, His Work and His Ideas. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1970.
 ■ Poulantzas, Nicos. Political Power and Social Classes. London: New Left, 1973.
 ■ ———. Fascism and Dictatorship: The Third International and the Problems of Fascism. London: New Left, 1974.
 ■ ———. Classes in Contemporary Capitalism. London: New Left, 1975.
 ■ ———. State, Power, Socialism. London: New Left, 1978.
 ■ Ransome, P. Antonio Gramsci: A New Introduction. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1992.
 ■ Sartre, Jean-Paul. Literary and Philosophical Essays. New York: Collier, 1962.
 ■ ———. The Problem of Method. London: Methuen, 1963.
 ■ ———. Between Existentialism and Marxism. London: New Left, 1972.
 ■ ———. Critique of Dialectical Reason. London: New Left, 1976.
 ■ Sassoon, Anne Showstack. Gramsci’s Politics. London: Croom Helm, 1980.
 ■ ———, ed. Approaches to Gramsci. London: Writers and Readers Publishing Cooperative, 1982.
 ■ Bogg, Carl, and D. Plotke, eds. The Politics of Eurocommunism: Socialism in Transition. Montreal: Black Rose Books, 1980.
 ■ Brown, B.E., ed. Eurocommunism and Eurosocialism. New York: Cyrco Press, 1979.
 ■ Bull, Martin J., and Paul Heywood eds. West European Communist Parties after the Revolutions of 1989. Basingstoke, England: Macmillan, 1994.
 ■ Carillo, Santiago. Eurocommunism and the State. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1977.
 ■ Claudin, Fernando. Eurocommunism and Socialism. London: New Left, 1979
 ■ Della Torre, P.F., E. Mortimer, and J. Story, eds. Eurocommunism: Myth or Reality? Harmondsworth, England: Penguin, 1979.
 ■ Kindersley, R., ed. In Search of Eurocommunism. London: Macmillan, 1981.
 ■ ———. The Communist Movement: From Comintern to Cominform. Harmondsworth, England: Penguin, 1975.
 ■ Lange, Peter, and Maurizo Vannicelli, eds. The Communist Parties of Italy, France and Spain: Postwar Change and Continuity. A Casebook. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1981.
 ■ Mandel, Ernest. From Stalinism to Eurocommunism: The Bitter Fruits of “Socialism in One Country.” London: New Left, 1978.
 ■ Middlemas, Keith. Power and the Party: Changing Faces of Communism in Western Europe. London: Andre Deutsche, 1980.
 ■ Thompson, Willie. The Communist Movement Since 1945. Oxford: Blackwell, 1998.
 East European Marxism
 ■ Auty, P. Tito: A Biography. London: Penguin, 1970.
 ■ Beloff, N. Tito’s Flawed Legacy: Yugoslavia and the West: 1939–1984. London: Gollancz, 1985.
 ■ Broekmeyer, M.J., ed. Yugoslav Workers’ Self-Management. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1970.
 ■ Bromke, Adam, and John Strong, eds. Gierek’s Poland. New York: Praeger, 1973.
 ■ Callinicos, Alex. The Revenge of History: Marxism and the East European Revolutions. Cambridge: Polity, 1991.
 ■ Golan, G. Reform Rule in Czechoslovakia: The Dubcek Era 1968–69. London: Cambridge University Press, 1973.
 ■ Gruenwald, O. The Yugoslav Search for Man: Marxist Humanism in Contemporary Yugoslavia. South Handley, Mass.: JF Bergin, 1983.
 ■ Hoxa, Enver. Our Policy Is an Open Policy, the Policy of Proletarian Principles. Tirana: 8 Nëntori Publishing House, 1978.
 ■ Ionescu, G. Communism in Rumania 1944–62. London: Oxford University Press, 1964.
 ■ Johnson, A. The Transformation of Communist Ideology: The Yugoslav Case, 1945–1953. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1972.
 ■ Kardvelj, Edvard. Democracy and Socialism. London: Summerfield Press, 1979.
 ■ Kusin, V.V. The Intellectual Origins of the Prague Spring. London: Q. Press, 1971.
 ■ ———, ed. The Czechoslovak Reform Movement. London: Q. Press, 1973.
 ■ Lydall, Harold. Yugoslav Socialism: Theory and Practice. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984.
 ■ Markovic, M., and R.S. Cohen. The Rise and Fall of Socialist Humanism. Nottingham, England: Spokesman, 1975.
 ■ Oren, N. Bulgarian Communism—The Road to Power 1934–1944. New York: Columbia University Press, 1971.
 ■ Pano, N.C. The People’s Republic of Albania. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins Press, 1968.
 ■ Programme of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia 1958. Belgrade.
 ■ Rakovski, M. Toward an East European Marxism. London: Allison and Busby, 1978.
 ■ Rothschild, J. The Communist Party of Bulgaria—Origins and Development 1883–1936. New York: Columbia University Press, 1959.
 ■ Shawcross, William. Crime and Compromise: Janos Kadar and the Politics of Hungary Since Revolution. London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1974.
 ■ Sher, Gerson S. Praxis: Marxist Criticism and Dissent in Socialist Yugoslavia. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1977.
 ■ Silnitsky, F., et al. Communism and Eastern Europe. New York: Karz, 1979.
 ■ Starr, Richard F. Poland 1944–62: The Sovietization of a Captive People. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1962.
 ■ Steele, J. Socialism with a German Face. London: Cape, 1978.
 ■ Stehle, Hansjakob. Poland: The Independent Satellite. London: Pall Mall, 1965.
 ■ Swain, Geoffrey, and Nigel Swain. Eastern Europe Since 1945. London: Macmillan, 1993.
 ■ Tismaneau, Vladimir. The Crisis of Marxist Ideology in Eastern Europe: The Poverty of Utopia. London: Routledge, 1988.
 ■ Tokés, Rudolf, Béla Kun and the Hungarian Soviet Republic. New York: Praeger-Pall Mall, 1967.
 ■ Windsor, P., and A. Roberts. Czechoslavkia 1968. London: Chatto and Windus for the Institute for Strategic Studies, 1969.
 ■ Zukin, S. Beyond Marx and Tito: Theory and Practice in Yugoslav Socialism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975.
 Other Works on European Marxism
 ■ Anderson, W.K. James Connolly and the Irish Left. Dublin: Irish Academic Press and the National Centre for Australian Studies, 1994.
 ■ Aron, Raymond. Dialectics of Violence. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1975.
 ■ Beckett, F. Enemy Within: The Rise and Fall of the British Communist Party. London: John Murray, 1995.
 ■ Bottomore, Thomas B., and Patrick Goode, eds. Austro-Marxism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978.
 ■ Bricianer, Serge. Pannekoek and the Workers’ Councils. St. Louis, Mo.: Telos, 1978.
 ■ Burkhard, Fred. French Marxism Between the Wars: Henri Lefebvre and the “Philosophies.” Amherst, N.Y.: Humanity Books, 2000.
 ■ Collins, Henry, and Chimen Abramsky. Karl Marx and the British Labour Movement: Years of the First International. London: Macmillan, 1965.
 ■ De Grand, Alexander. The Italian Left in the Twentieth Century: A History of the Socialist and Communist Parties. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989.
 ■ Gottfried, Paul. The Strange Death of Marxism: The European Left in the New Millennium. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2005.
 ■ Guttsman, W. L. The German Social Democratic Party, 1875–1933: From Ghetto to Government. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1981.
 ■ Heywood, Paul. Marxism and the Failure of Organized Socialism in Spain, 1879–1936. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
 ■ Judt, Tony. Marxism and the French Left: Studies in Labour and Politics in France. 1830–1981. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986.
 ■ Kelly, Michael. Modern French Marxism. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1982.
 ■ Kenny, Mike. The First New Left. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1995.
 ■ Koelble, Thomas A. The Left Unravelled: The Impact of the New Left on the British Labour Party and the West German Social Democratic party, 1968–1988. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1991.
 ■ Lee, A.H. The Revolutionary Left in Europe: A Research Guide. New York: New York Public Library, 1992.
 ■ Machin, H., ed. National Communism in Western Europe: A Third Way for Socialism? London: Methuen, 1983.
 ■ Pierson, Stanley. Marxist Intellectuals and the Working Class Mentality in Germany, 1887–1912. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1993.
 ■ Sasson, Donald. One Hundred Years of Socialism: The West European Left in the Twentieth Century. New York: I.B. Tauris, 1996.
 ■ Smart, D.A. Pannekoek and Gorter’s Marxism. London: Pluto, 1978.
 ■ Sorel, Georges. The Illusions of Progress. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969.
 ■ ———. Reflections on Violence. New York: Macmillan, 1972.
 ■ Steenson, Gary P. “Not One Man! Not One Penny!” German Social Democracy, 1865–1914. Pittsburgh, Penn.: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1981.
 ■ ———. After Marx, before Lenin: Marxism and Socialist Working-Class Parties in Europe, 1884–1914. Pittsburgh, Penn.: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1991.
 ■ Stuart, Robert C. Marxism at Work: Ideology, Class, and French Socialism during the Third Republic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
 ■ Williams, G. Proletarian Order: Antonio Gramsci, Factory Councils and the Origins of Italian Communism. London: Pluto Press, 1975.
 ■ Williams, Stuart, ed. Socialism in France: From Jaurès to Mitterand. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1983.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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